A branch of engineering that deals with the construction, design, and maintenance of roads, bridges, canals, dams and buildings. Civil Engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. Instances of large-scale construction like the pyramids of Egypt have been around since ages; however, the term civil engineering was first coined in the 18th Century. The Institutions of civil engineers were first founded in London in 1818 and the Thomas Telford; the well-known engineer became its first president. In 1819, the first private college in civil engineering was started in America.
The work of a civil engineer involves:
a) Analyzing plans, survey reports, plans
b) Civil engineers are also expected to calculate construction cost, follow in detail government restrictions along with analyzing risks.
c) Testing of soil to understand the strength of the foundation
d) Testing of building materials such as concrete, steel etc
e) To determine the economic feasibility of the project
Civil engineering is also about understanding and adopting safe work practices in construction sites. Civil engineering demands that a person following this profession should be able to work in all circumstances. Civil engineers often have to spend their time onsite and even travel to far off places.
Places to Study Civil Engineering in Odisha
One of the most mineral rich states in India, Odisha has positioned itself as one of the most favored destinations as far as investment is concerned. Odisha is developing at a first pace and a lot of infrastructure developments are taking place. This has led to a rise in the demand for civil engineers.
A student envisaging on pursuing civil engineering needs to complete 10+2 level of education with Physics, chemistry, and mathematics. Entrance to an engineering college is subject to qualifying in the entrance test. A person is allowed to become a civil engineer on completion of a four-year degree course from a recognized engineering college.
a) IIT Bhubaneswar, Odisha
b) VSSUT, Burla, Odisha
c) CET, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
d) Centurion University of Technology and Management, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
e) Gandhi Institute for Technological Advancement (GITA, Bhubaneswar), Bhubaneswar, Odisha
f) C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
g) KIIT School of Engineering, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
h) National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha
i) Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology (IGIT), Odisha
Job opportunities in Civil Engineering
After being awarded a degree in civil engineering a person is absorbed in both the government and private sector. Jobs prospects of civil engineers are always on the rise as there demand never falls. As long as construction works continues, a civil engineer will never go out of employment.
People interested in pursuing civil engineering should also be able to have strong decision-making skills and leadership skills. Civil engineers often have to take immediate decisions based on their technical know-how and experience.