Agriculture and Bio systems engineering is that branch of engineering which integrates engineering sciences with applied biological and environmental sciences. This branch of engineering works towards augmenting the lives of human beings on earth. The work of an agriculture and biosystems engineering graduate is to apply their knowledge of biology and engineering to develop plant-based products like medicines, biodegradable packaging, and biomass energy; or design methods of keeping harmful microorganisms out of our food supply; or redevelop streams in areas impacted by mining, urban, and agricultural activities. In this rewarding career, an agriculture and biosystems engineering graduate will constantly innovate to meet the needs of humankind in sustainable ways.
Scope for Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering
Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering is a technologically advanced field that offers bright career prospects and opportunity in any country around the world, and also across various sectors. Some of the higher study options for the B.Tech graduates in agriculture are: M.Tech in Agricultural Engg, M.Tech in Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, M.Tech in Renewable Energy, M.Tech in Crop Production, M.Sc in Rural Technology, PhD in Agri-Informatics, PhD in Rural Technology Well-paid careers are available for qualified agricultural engineers in government and public sector organizations, agribusiness firms, food processing and retail industry, research organizations and laboratories, banks and financial corporations, central and state government organizations and private firms.
Interested candidates who have cleared the 10+2 level of examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics are eligible to sit for the entrance examination that is being conducted every year. Agriculture and Biosystem Engineering Graduates can further specialize in
- Bioproducts engineering – Finding and developing solutions to meet the growing material and energy demand globally.
- Food Engineering – Developing sustainable solution to address the growing need for quality food for the common mass.
- Environmental and Ecological Engineering- Finding new solutions to preserve the natural environment.
Colleges in Odisha where Agriculture and Biosystem Engineering is taught
Odisha, a state in the eastern part of the country with agriculture being one of the major occupation.
a) National Institute of Technology (NITRKL), Rourkela, Oadisha- One of the best places to study agriculture and biosystems engineering in Odisha, this college was established in 1961.
b) Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology: College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha – The courses offered in this institute are a B.Tech and M.Tech in Agriculture Engineering along with a scope to do a Ph.D. in Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering. In this institute, a student can also persuade a B.Sc in Agriculture, Horticulture Science, and Forestry.
c) Central Institute of Women in Agriculture, Bhubaneswar, Odisha – ICAR-Central Institute for Women in Agriculture (ICAR-CIWA) is the first such institute in India that is devoted to gender related research in agriculture. It was established as National Research Centre for Women in Agriculture (NRCWA) in April 1996 at Bhubaneswar (Odisha) under Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
There are various other institutes in Odisha like the Central Rice Research Institute situated in Cuttack, Odisha and Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture in Bhubaneswar, Odisha is also placed to study Agriculture and Biosystems engineering.